About the Book
"The basic aim of science is not only to study and understand natural phenomena but also to use this knowledge to make our lives more comfortable. Science and technology have enabled us to develop more economical and convenient methods to recover useful materials from nature and to put them to various uses. Chemistry has enabled us to synthesize new materials which have desired properties, thus, making them even better than natural materials. We need different types of materials to meet our daily needs. Some of them are obtained from nature while others are prepared by man. The materials that we get from nature are called natural materials. Wood, silk, cotton, leather, rubber, coal, etc. are natural materials. However, some materials that we use are manmade. Synthetic textiles like terylene and nylon, cement, glass, plastics, dyes, soap, detergents, fertilizers, insecticides and pesticides are some man-made materials which are commonly used. Materials are important to mankind because of the benefits that can be derived from the manipulation of their properties, for example electrical conductivity, dielectric constant, magnetization, optical transmittance, strength and toughness. Materials science is a broad field and can be considered to be an interdisciplinary area. Included within it are the studies of the structure and properties of any material, the creation of new types of materials, and the manipulation of a material’s properties to suit the needs of a specific application.
Two-Volume ‘Brig’s Handbook of Methods & Research in Materials Chemistry and Physics’ is devoted to theory and practices, full-length research papers and feature articles on interrelationships among structure, properties, processing and performance of materials. At present, there is no technological field that remain unaffected by advances in materials science. Present in all facets of daily life, these advances pay to the improvement of our standard of living and are at the heart of technological advances related with sustainable development, energy, health and information and communication technologies. Materials are both catalysts for progress and a significant factor in economic and social development, considering that altogether they constitute one of the biggest employment catchment areas.
Broadly speaking, the functions, reactivity and durability of materials are the result of the superposition of volume, surface and interface properties. The development of complex materials is thus a source of unique and innovative properties, whose many applications are constantly evolving. All these points will be covered in this work. The contributors of the chapters in this handbook have various areas of expertise. Therefore this handbook is interdisciplinary and is written for readers with backgrounds in physical science."