About the Book
"The book is basic in the sense that it begins at the beginning and is entirely self-contained. It is also comprehensive and contains detailed descriptions of Modern Library Technologies for Data Processing, Retrieval, and Use. The aim has been to make the subject matter broadly accessible to advanced students, whilst at the same time providing a reference text for graduate scholars and research scientists active in the field.
Data processing has become a subject of vital concern to librarians. Within the past decade, they have begun to realize that advances in technology and improvements in the techniques of information system design are certain to bring about changes in the character of conventional library operations. Scores of libraries are already using computers to reduce clerical burdens and accelerate service to readers. Others, including the library of Congress, the National Library of Medicine, the National Agricultural Library, and a number of university libraries have started large-scale efforts aimed at establishing national library-based information networks that involve a high degree of mechanization.
Before the digital computer and associated new technology can be put to work constructively in libraries, their power and limitations must be understood by the professional librarian. Data processing clinics and data processing courses, which are beginning to appear in library schools throughout the United States, provide excellent opportunities for learning. But they have highlighted a demand for an integrated text appropriate to the needs of both the student and the practicing librarian. A library is an organized collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or
borrowing. It provides physical or digital access to material, and may be a physical building or room, or a virtual space, or both. A library’s collection can include books, periodicals, newspapers, manuscripts, films, maps, prints, documents, microform, CDs, cassettes, videotapes, DVDs, Blu-ray Discs, ebooks, audiobooks, databases, and other formats. Libraries range in size from a few shelves of books to several million items. With the development of science and technology, each industry produces more and more data. Data Processing is becoming increasingly important in the industry. Moreover, with the complexity of data sources and the variety of users’ requirements, data processing presents challenges for realization of library science.
Special effort has been made to appeal to students' natural curiosity and to help them explore the various facets of the exciting subject area of Modern Library Technologies for Data Processing, Retrieval, and Use. Written in clear, simple language understandable to the general reader, yet in-depth enough for scientists, educators and advanced students. The style is easy to read and suitable for nonnative English speakers and translators with no engineering experience."