About the Book
The history of political thought attests, to a large extent, to the assessment that the idea of revolution as a structural, justifiable change is unknown before modernity. Social scientists have discussed the factors responsible for the revolution for a long time. However, there seems to be no clear agreement. Some point to the importance of economic factors. Others point to political reasons. Although the idea of revolution was originally related to the Aristotelian concept of cyclical changes in the forms of government, it now indicates a fundamental departure from any previous historical pattern. A revolution constitutes a challenge to the established political order and the eventual establishment of a new order radically different from the preceding one. Furthermore, interstate politics and distribution of power are assumed to play some role. Revolutions are commonly understood as instances of fundamental socio-political transformation. Since ?the age of revolutions? in the late 18th century, political philosophers and theorists have developed approaches aimed at defining what forms of change can count as revolutionary as well as determining if and under what conditions such change can be justified by normative arguments.
Popular uprisings are as old as history. Yet not all political thinkers of the time believed that ?revolutions? were a permanent aspect of politics. For decades, the most popular conceptualizations of revolution were the Marxian theory and the relative deprivation theory. The former emphasizes the role of changes in production methods in generating discontent and rebellion; the latter focuses on the gap between economic expectations and realized economic performances to explain the sense of frustration and, consequently, riot participation. Aristotle, for instance, argued that the most stable political system was neither a democracy, oligarchy, nor a monarchy but a combination of the three. The phenomenon of political revolutions has once again caught the attention of researchers in the wake of the recent wave of uprisings in the World. The key purpose of this book is to present theoretical basis and studies that outlines the common dynamics of major political revolutions and replicates a number of stylized facts. This book will serve as valuable tool for academics, professionals, practitioners, graduate students, and researchers.
The study and practice of international relations is multidisciplinary, combining the fields of economics, history and political science to examine topics such as human rights, global poverty, the environment, economics, globalization, security, global ethics and the political environment. Although international relations have taken on new significance because of our increasingly interconnected world; this is certainly not a new concept. Historically, the establishment of treaties between nations has served as the earliest form of international relations. International relations may be an extension of political science, but this field of study is exceptionally deep in its own right. As our global society changes and expands, international relations will transform and expand as we continue to explore new and exciting ways of linking our complex world. Economic globalization has been accelerating ever since the end of the Cold War. It has promoted economic development, technological progress, the flow of information and people, as well as the transparency of government in many countries and regions. Economic cooperation between countries reduces the risk of war and increases the cost of political conflict.
This book compiles a wide-range of studies that offers a comprehensive and cutting-edge introduction to the moral aspects of global politics today. A generic way of understanding globalization is to consider it as a process of creation of a worldwide system in which no event, process or important action remains circumscribed within the geographic area in which it was born. In the same way, events, processes and actions of the global level have an impact, either deliberately or involuntarily, on all the local levels. This monograph presents a series of interlocking studies on the politics of political science. Approaching the subject from a focused international perspective, this book provides advanced-level treatment of all the core areas to give students and policy makers a wide-ranging and dynamic introduction.