About the Book
The history of political thought attests, to a large extent, to the assessment that the idea of revolution as a structural, justifiable change is unknown before modernity. Social scientists have discussed the factors responsible for the revolution for a long time. However, there seems to be no clear agreement. Some point to the importance of economic factors. Others point to political reasons. Although the idea of revolution was originally related to the Aristotelian concept of cyclical changes in the forms of government, it now indicates a fundamental departure from any previous historical pattern. A revolution constitutes a challenge to the established political order and the eventual establishment of a new order radically different from the preceding one. Furthermore, interstate politics and distribution of power are assumed to play some role. Revolutions are commonly understood as instances of fundamental socio-political transformation. Since ?the age of revolutions? in the late 18th century, political philosophers and theorists have developed approaches aimed at defining what forms of change can count as revolutionary as well as determining if and under what conditions such change can be justified by normative arguments.
Popular uprisings are as old as history. Yet not all political thinkers of the time believed that ?revolutions? were a permanent aspect of politics. For decades, the most popular conceptualizations of revolution were the Marxian theory and the relative deprivation theory. The former emphasizes the role of changes in production methods in generating discontent and rebellion; the latter focuses on the gap between economic expectations and realized economic performances to explain the sense of frustration and, consequently, riot participation. Aristotle, for instance, argued that the most stable political system was neither a democracy, oligarchy, nor a monarchy but a combination of the three. The phenomenon of political revolutions has once again caught the attention of researchers in the wake of the recent wave of uprisings in the World. The key purpose of this book is to present theoretical basis and studies that outlines the common dynamics of major political revolutions and replicates a number of stylized facts. This book will serve as valuable tool for academics, professionals, practitioners, graduate students, and researchers.
The study and practice of international relations is multidisciplinary, combining the fields of economics, history and political science to examine topics such as human rights, global poverty, the environment, economics, globalization, security, global ethics and the political environment. Although international relations have taken on new significance because of our increasingly interconnected world; this is certainly not a new concept. Historically, the establishment of treaties between nations has served as the earliest form of international relations. International relations may be an extension of political science, but this field of study is exceptionally deep in its own right. As our global society changes and expands, international relations will transform and expand as we continue to explore new and exciting ways of linking our complex world. Economic globalization has been accelerating ever since the end of the Cold War. It has promoted economic development, technological progress, the flow of information and people, as well as the transparency of government in many countries and regions. Economic cooperation between countries reduces the risk of war and increases the cost of political conflict.
This book compiles a wide-range of studies that offers a comprehensive and cutting-edge introduction to the moral aspects of global politics today. A generic way of understanding globalization is to consider it as a process of creation of a worldwide system in which no event, process or important action remains circumscribed within the geographic area in which it was born. In the same way, events, processes and actions of the global level have an impact, either deliberately or involuntarily, on all the local levels. This monograph presents a series of interlocking studies on the politics of political science. Approaching the subject from a focused international perspective, this book provides advanced-level treatment of all the core areas to give students and policy makers a wide-ranging and dynamic introduction.
Political communication systems are dynamic, constantly evolving, never settled. Just when we think we understand how it all works, things change. Sometimes the changes seem to be evolutionary, steps along a path that leads to a destination we can foresee. At other times, the familiar path turns in new and unexpected directions. Quite recently, the transnational trends in political communication that have been observed in many countries over the preceding decade have taken some unexpected turns. Political communication research has had a prominent position in the academic fields of both communication studies and political science. In recent years the field has changed significantly as continued technological advancements have contributed to the expanding boundaries of political communication. Especially the onset of the internet as a common communication channel may be seen as a ?transformational moment in media technology, with implications for the practice of politics?; or simply an ?online revolution that has begun a new era in political communication, the so-called ?digital age?, in which we are moving rapidly from candidate-centred to citizen-centred campaigns and from mediated to ?electric communication?. This pattern points out that instability is inherent to political communication, given the contentious relationships and constant mutation among politicians, constituencies, and media and public relations specialists. Technology emphasizes rather than generates the present disjunctions in and future challenges for how societies communicate politics and policies. From this perspective, new trends in the field relate to classic questions, particularly, how political representation and mediatization evolve in an always-changing environment. Articles in this issue highlight three traits of the current political communication environment: disillusion about a single and unified public sphere, transnational information flows, and the technological empowerment of ordinary citizens. These issues are central to research agendas and offer a general overview of current research trends in the field.
The current monograph examines the various ways in which messages are constructed and communicated from public officials and politicians through the mass media to the ultimate receivers. Information contained in this book highlights key traits of the current political communication environment: disillusion about a single and unified public sphere, transnational information flows, and the technological empowerment of ordinary citizens. These issues are central to research agendas and offer a general overview of current research trends in the field. It is also intended to analyze the latest advances in the methods and analytical techniques in the contemporary political communication research in the new media environment to analyze specific software tools that enable the analysis of data collected from websites, social network sites, weblogs etc. Highlighting innovative information and current changes in the subject area, this book is ideally designed for academics, professionals, practitioners, graduate students, and researchers. Volume 4:
The traditional theory of democracy prescribes informed citizenship as a key element of democratic politics. General political knowledge has typically been a crucial concept in political research. Individuals with a high level of political knowledge exhibit behaviors that result from a well-functioning democracy, including more stable political opinions, greater ideological constraint, more knowledge of political candidates, and more likely to vote correctly. Political knowledge is therefore seen as a functional and indispensable element of a viable democracy.
This book is aimed to analyze the effects of political knowledge on measures of democratic support. Decreasing democratic support in consolidated democracies has always been the subject of lively debate in political science. It can be argued that, over the last thirty years, the health of democracy has improved on a global scale, as demonstrated by the increase in democratic consolidation worldwide. However, the evidence is vague: if there has been a third wave of democratisation, with many Eastern countries embracing democratic systems, public support for democracy has declined in the context of consolidated democratic regimes. Political knowledge is a key concept in political culture theory. Political culture reflects the political values of society, reconfigures the political system and adjusts it. This element of political culture, which defines civic values and behavior and is an object that can be defined, is political knowledge. Democracy needs competent citizens and needs a certain level of knowledge on political issues ? theoretical knowledge and knowledge of current political leaders and events. The aim of this book is to systematize theoretical formulations of political knowledge and approaches for its empirical study. This book will be of interest to policy makers and professionals, as well as to communication and journalism professionals and politicians looking for material to reflect on in their work.