About the Book
"The field of plant biotechnology is concerned with developing ways to improve the production of plants in order to supply the world’s needs for food, fiber and fuel. In addition, plants provide us with many pharmaceuticals and industrial compounds. Prior to agriculture, humans lived as nomadic hunters and could survive solely on wild plant and animal resources. Noticing the immense wealth of the plant and animal kingdoms, their successful efforts to domesticate the wild species launched agriculture. Until very recently, plant breeding still relied solely on the accumulated experience of generations of farmers and breeders, that is, on sexual transfer of genes between plant species. However, recent developments in plant molecular biology and genomics now give us access to the knowledge and understanding of plant genomes and even the possibility of modifying them. As our population grows, our needs also grow. To increase the quantity of crop production as well as to produce specific characteristics in plants, biotechnologists are using selective gene techniques. Genetic engineering involves cutting and moving snippets of DNA from one plant to another. Permanently integrating new DNA into a plant’s original DNA forms what’s known as a transgenic plant or genetically modified organism. Understanding and improving plants for agricultural purposes began when plants growing in their natural habitat were selected for domestication. This early selection occurred long before the science of genetics was developed. The 19th century paved the way for a new era in plant improvement when the first basic laws of genetics were discovered by Gregor Mendel. The 20th century brought the development of statistical probabilities and additional genetic principles. For the first time, breeding methods could be developed that were based on these genetic principles and our understanding of statistics. That is, the science of plant breeding was added to the art of plant breeding. With these scientific breeding methods, breeders have made steady progress in plant improvement. The development of plant biotechnology during the latter years of the 20th century will usher in a new era of plant improvement. These new technologies, although not a replacement for the scientific breeding methods, will markedly improve the science of plant breeding and will become an important component of the plant breeder’s toolbox.
Two-Volume ‘Brig’s Handbook of Methods & Research in Plant Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering’ covers basic plant biology and genetics to breeding and principles and applications of plant biotechnology. It covers various topics on cell biology, genetics, microbiology, immunology, molecular biology, biochemistry, embryology, immunogenetics, cell and tissue culture, molecular ecology, genetic engineering and biological engineering, bioremediation and biodegradation, bioinformatics, biotechnology regulations, pharmacogenomics, gene therapy, plant, animal, gene cloning, gene targeting, eugenics, gene therapy ,genetic ethics ,microbial and environmental biotechnology. This handbook leads to significant contribution in advancing knowledge in genetic engineering and biotechnology and provide novel perspectives in this research area. The handbook will be helpful to a wide group peoples; researchers, teachers in biotechnology and for individuals interested to the commercial application of plants."