"Artificial photosynthesis is a research field that endeavors to reproduce the natural process of photosynthesis. The goal of artificial photosynthesis is to use the energy of the sun to make different useful material or high-energy chemicals for energy production. In every aspect of our lives, we depend on fuels and chemicals, whose efficacy is normally drained once consumed. With the growing population and technological advances, this unidirectional flow of energy and matter has grown significantly to the extent that we face the threat of a dearth of supply and rising costs. For instance, energy consumption is expected to rise by 56% worldwide by 2040 with close to 80% provided by fossil fuels. The growing demand for fertilizers caused by the increased rate of food consumption of our rising population has necessitated the development of alternative routes to produce ammonia. “With the help of the sun we could solve our energy problem. Every thirty minutes the Earth absorbs enough sunlight to supply the whole world a year long with energy. We already use solar energy in many different ways. We produce electricity using photovoltaic solar panels, we install solar collectors on our roofs to heat our water and in countries we build large installations that concentrate sunlight using mirrors. Solar energy is also used to cultivate plants and algae, from which food and biofuels are produced. However, the focus of this work is artificial photosynthesis. Since artificial photosynthesis is an integrated system, which consists of a light harvesting part and a catalytic conversion part, it is important to maximize the performance of each unit and to design a combined system with optimum efficiency, based on a thorough understanding of each component and the interactions between them. The apparent incongruity between the increasing consumption of fuels and chemicals and the finite amount of resources has led us to seek means to maintain the sustainability of our society. Artificial photosynthesis, which utilizes sunlight to create high-value chemicals from abundant resources, is considered as the most promising and viable method.
‘Brig’s Handbook of Methods & Research in Artificial Photosynthesis’ is aimed at providing fundamental and applied aspects of artificial photosynthesis. It describes the progress and challenges in the field of artificial photosynthesis in terms of its key components: developments in photoelectrochemical water splitting and recent progress in electrochemical CO2 reduction. Advances in catalysis, concerning the use of renewable hydrogen as a feedstock for major chemical production, are outlined to shed light on the ultimate role of artificial photosynthesis in achieving sustainable chemistry.
Two-Volume ‘Brig’s Handbook of Methods & Research in Artificial Photosynthesis’ is intended for anyone with an interest in global developments in the field of renewable energy. It describes the potential of artificial photosynthesis, which could make a substantial contribution to our future energy supply. In each chapter, important topics in the subject are discussed and reviewed by experts. Researchers and scientists are trying to learn a great about the detail of natural photosynthetic systems and have been able to understand at least parts of this process. Therefore, artificial photosynthetic goal and capable of converting sunlight into chemically-bound energy seem to be a realistic scenario in near future."